The TZ-WD-40 is a single band wire antenna designed to permit operation on the 40m amateur bands. As standard, the antenna is designed for either local or DX communications depending on the configuration and installation height of the antenna. If you're new to the HF bands and want to try a bit of local ragchewing, why not experiment with this antenna first. Alternatively, when the antenna is mounted at height, and well in the clear, this antenna will permit DX contacts to be made on the 40m band.
For local communications around your location within 1-2000km the antenna can be mounted in either a dipole or inverted vee configuration, however the Inverted Vee configuration is best suited for a high angle of radiation, providing excellent signal for interstate QSOs. If installed in a dipole configuration, install the antenna at 8-10m height to provide good high angle radiation.
For effective DX contacts the antenna should be mounted at least 15m above the ground at all points and be configured in a straight dipole configuration. At heights of 20m or greater the antenna will produce outstanding DX results on 40m. At 30m or greater, DXCC on the low bands will only be limited by your own commitment to being there when the DX is! An amplifier on 80m is usually a requirement to work DXCC.
BLOCK SIZE & MOUNTING CONSIDERATIONS
For the amateur without much room, or dollars, or who has an XYL not keen on a big antenna and tower in the back yard, this can be a real opportunity. The wire of the antenna are made from grey covered PVC and painted to produce a minimal visual impact - as far as possible for an antenna! As a minimum, The TZ-WD-40 should be mounted at least 8m above the ground. Most regulations in Australia permit a mast to be erected 3m above the tallest point of the building (primarily intended for TV antennas) but this ruling can effectively be used to get your ham antenna up at least 8m.
The ground space required for the antenna in an inverted vee configuration is slightly less, and only one support is required. For such an installation, a single support 8 - 10m above ground with the "tails" of the antenna 3 - 4m above ground and separated by about 15 -20m is ideal. If your block is not large enough to support the antenna elements in a straight line, the element may be bent almost at right angles to a configuration that suits your block shape and size. VSWR may deteriorate in this instance but a tuner may be used and the antenna radiation pattern and efficiency will not be greatly effected.
Ensure that the feedline from the balun is dropped vertically from the feedpoint for at least 10m before being brought of to run to your shack. Ideally, the feedline should be run vertically downwards until it touches the ground to reduce the probability of undesired feedline currents and radiation. This helps to reduce or prevent TVI.
ANTENNA DESIGN AND COMPONENTS
The TZ-WD-40 uses 1.5mm PVC covered multi-stranded copper wire for excellent durability, longevity and low resistive losses.
Stainless steel fasteners are used throughout. The Rippletech TZ-1840 balun is supplied with this antenna. There is no need to purchase a separate balun, and Rippletech never encourages feeding a balanced antenna using coaxial cable without a balun installed. Note some suppliers, quote and supply antennas without a balun (only an insulating block and UHF style SO-259). Make no mistake, use a balun and get optimum performance from your antenna system.
The TZ-WD-40 is also a fantastic antenna for portable operation. Tied between two trees a suitable distance apart, or slung from a high bough in an inverted Vee configuration will yield excellent results, with a minimum of effort.